Reviewed by James Ives, M.Psych. (Editor)Nov 13 2018Nearly two thirds of Americans (65%) say antibiotic resistance is a public health problem and a strong majority (81%) say they are concerned that antibiotic resistance will make more infections difficult or impossible to treat and even deadly, according to a national public opinion survey commissioned by Research!America in collaboration with the Infectious Disease Society of America (IDSA). The survey was supported in part by Pfizer Inc. Majorities across the political spectrum say the federal government should increase funding for research and public health initiatives to address antibiotic resistance – specifically 81% of Democrats, 76% of Republicans and 70% of Independents.”Americans understand that antibiotic-resistant ‘superbugs’ are a public health threat, and they support putting the public and private sector research continuum to work to address this intensifying health threat,” said Mary Woolley, Research!America president and CEO, said. “Americans are calling for ‘all hands on deck’ to confront AMR – the government, the private sector, health professionals, hospitals and individuals.”Nearly three quarters (73%) of those surveyed agree that the federal government should provide incentives to encourage increased private sector investment in the development of new antibiotics, reflecting consensus among 80% of Republicans, 76% of Democrats and 63% of Independents. Some 83% of those surveyed believe pharmaceutical companies should develop more antibiotics. The survey found that 92% agree that doctors and other healthcare professionals should only prescribe antibiotics when needed.”Antibiotic resistance is threatening our ability to safely and effectively provide medical care to many patients, including organ and bone marrow transplants, joint replacements and other complex surgeries, cancer chemotherapy, and care of preterm infants,” IDSA President Cynthia Sears, MD, FIDSA, said. “A multipronged approach — including stewardship to protect the utility of antibiotics, incentives to spur development of new antibiotics, and investment in research and public health initiatives — will be necessary to turn the tide against antibiotic resistance. Despite a large majority indicating that health care providers should only prescribe antibiotics when necessary, we know high levels of inappropriate antibiotic use continue to occur, underscoring the need for the federal government to take more action to drive the implementation of educational and antibiotic stewardship programs.”Related StoriesAntibiotic susceptibility pattern of Enterobacteriaceae found in GhanaFinger-prick blood test could help prevent unnecessary antibiotic prescribing for patients with COPDStudy: Surveillance for antibiotic-resistant bacteria continues to be core focus for healthcare facilitiesSurvey results indicate more education is needed about appropriate antibiotic usage. Antibiotics do not have any effect on viruses, such as colds and flu, yet more than a third (37%) of those surveyed wrongly say antibiotics are effective for treating viral infections. Further, about a third (29%) would be dissatisfied if their doctor did not prescribe an antibiotic for their child’s viral infection. Also, only 57% of those surveyed are aware that even a single course of antibiotics taken when not appropriate can contribute to the development of antibiotic resistance.Other findings include: The nationwide survey of 1,004 U.S. adults was conducted by Zogby Analytics in October 2018. The margin of error is +/- 3.1 percentage points. Only 61% of those surveyed say they are aware that bacteria that are resistant to antibiotics can be spread from person to person. More than three quarters (76%) of those surveyed say they are aware that antibiotic-resistant infections make medical procedures like surgery, organ transplants and cancer treatment much more dangerous. Only 21 percent of those surveyed say that no action is needed from the federal government on antibiotic research and development at this time. Source:https://www.researchamerica.org/AMRsurvey
© 2018 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. Explore further Comcast is reporting a stronger-than-expected second-quarter profit even as it struggles to keep cable TV subscribers. This March 29, 2017, file photo shows a sign outside the Comcast Center in Philadelphia. Comcast is reporting a stronger than expected second-quarter profit even as it struggles to keep cable TV subscribers. Earnings reported Thursday, July 26, 2018, were $3.22 billion, or 69 cents per share. (AP Photo/Matt Rourke, File) Citation: Comcast tops profit forecasts; cable TV subscriptions fall (2018, July 26) retrieved 18 July 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2018-07-comcast-tops-profit-cable-tv.html This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Comcast drops Fox bid, paving way for sale to Disney On Thursday, the company reported a 22 percent jump in earnings to $3.22 billion, or 69 cents per share. Earnings, adjusted for non-recurring gains, were 65 cents per share, which, according to a survey by Zacks Investment Research, was 4 cents better than expected.Revenue rose 2.1 percent to $21.74 billion in the period, just short of expectations. The company added 260,000 high-speed internet customers during the quarter, though it has been struggling overall as it lost 140,000 video customers.The mixed quarterly results follow the Philadelphia-based company’s decision last week to drop its $66 billion bid for Fox’s entertainment business. The Walt Disney Co. had topped that offer with $71 billion as part of a bidding war. The move freed Comcast to focus on its other potential acquisition, European pay TV operator Sky, a deal that would help the Philadelphia-based cable and media company expand beyond the U.S.Last week, Comcast made a bid that values Sky at $34 billion, topping $32.5 billion offered by21st Century Fox.Cable and telecom companies have been buying the companies that make TV shows and movies to compete in a changing media landscape. Although internet providers like AT&T and Comcast directly control their customers’ access to the internet in a way that Amazon, YouTube and Netflix do not, they still face threats as those streaming services gain in popularity.Other recent deals include AT&T’s buyout of Time Warner last month for $81 billion.
Increasingly rich dataThe data was collected anonymously from 241 participants between the ages of 16 and 25 over 10 weekends – Friday and Saturday nights from 8:00 pm to 4:00 am – in Lausanne and Zurich. This is the first study that uses rich data collected by smartphones to understand the drinking habits of Swiss youth. What’s more, because it is based on factual information and not perceptions, it marks a novel approach to research on public health and prevention. “Most studies of alcohol consumption by young people are based on questionnaires that participants fill out the following morning, for example. But we know that people typically forget to note down much of what they drink,” says Daniel Gatica-Perez, adjunct professor at EPFL’s School of Engineering and Digital Humanities Institute, and head of Idiap’s Social Computing Group. The same holds true for the situations in which we drink – it can be rather subjective. But for this study, researchers used data collected by sensors: activity level, the extent to which people moved around, the number of other people present, the type of apps they used during the night, and how often they used their smartphone. A starting point for future alcohol-consumption researchThis study shows that smartphone data provided voluntarily in the interest of public health can be used to estimate alcohol consumption on a given night with promising results. That opens the door to investigating related topics, such as drinking at home and the role of the time factor in drinking. However, the researchers stress the importance of including interviews in such studies; for this study, interviews were carried out by a partner scientist at the University of Zurich. “Data don’t tell the whole story,” says Gatica-Perez. “Interviews help us understand the nuances and many factors involved when people go out at night, and validate our findings.” Explore further Provided by Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Researchers from Idiap Research Institute and EPFL have carried out a study using smartphone data from young Swiss people to better understand the circumstances in which they are most likely to drink. A computer model developed from the data can estimate, with over 75% accuracy, whether alcohol was consumed on a given weekend night. Citation: Using mobile data to model the drinking habits of Swiss youth (2018, October 16) retrieved 17 July 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2018-10-mobile-habits-swiss-youth.html More young people are choosing not to drink alcohol More information: Darshan Santani et al. DrinkSense: Characterizing Youth Drinking Behavior Using Smartphones, IEEE Transactions on Mobile Computing (2018). DOI: 10.1109/TMC.2018.2797901 Do young people drink more out on the town or at a friend’s place? In small groups or at large parties? Do they drink more if they stay at a single bar or go bar hopping? And among all these factors, which are the most influential in whether or not they drink? Researchers at Idiap Research Institute and EPFL have set out to answer these questions through a study based on factual information – i.e., smartphone data collected on weekend nights – to characterize the drinking habits of young people. A model they developed from the data can estimate the nights when someone is likely to drink with over 75% accuracy.Specific applicationsThe researchers developed two apps that the study participants installed on their smartphones. Participants used the first to photograph and record all the beverages (alcoholic and non-alcoholic) they drank during a weekend night, along with the type of drink, the volume, the number and where they drank them. The app sent a reminder to participants every hour in case they forgot to enter any drinks. This data indicated whether a participant drank alcohol on a given night, and was used to classify participants as either “with alcohol” or “without alcohol” for each night in the study.A model that estimates alcohol consumptionThe second application activated sensors that continuously collected data on each participant’s location, activity level, apps used, battery level, screen usage and nearby Bluetooth and Wi-Fi spots. The researchers compiled the data from the two apps and matched up the contextual data with the sensor data, giving them a comprehensive picture for each participant and each night. That showed them under what conditions – alone or in a group, at home or in a bar, at one or several different locations – participants consumed higher amounts of alcohol. Then they developed a machine-learning algorithm to crunch through the data. It can estimate whether an individual drank alcohol on a given night with over 75% accuracy. The researchers were also able to determine which factors were most significant in estimating behavior; these include the activity level, the number of different locations where beverages are drunk, and how many other people are around. Their findings have just been published in IEEE Transactions on Mobile Computing.
Power Grid Corporation of India Ltd COMMENTS Published on PowerGrid Corporation of India Ltd has signed a memorandum of understanding (MoU) with New & Renewable Energy Development Corporation of Andhra Pradesh Ltd (NREDCAP) for the supply and installation of solar lighting systems at Jaggampeta and Irripaka villages in East Godavari district of Andhra Pradesh.According to a company release, solar lighting will help in improving the living conditions of the villagers. It will also result in the savings of energy bills and optimum use of natural light.Under this PowerGrid’s CSR initiative with an estimated amount of Rs 20.82 lakh, 18 LED-based 50 solar street lighting systems for Jaggampeta and 25 for Irripaka villages will be installed by NREDCAP, a Andhra Pradesh Government Undertaking.PowerGrid, a Navaratna under the Ministry of Power, has undertaken various CSR activities with a thrust on health, rural development, infrastructural development, skill development, education and environment. SHARE SHARE EMAIL SHARE August 04, 2018 energy and resource Andhra Pradesh COMMENT
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